Swollen feet, or edema, can disrupt daily life. This condition often has a spectrum of common causes that individuals should be attuned to for timely intervention and relief. Prolonged periods of standing or sitting, especially in positions that impede healthy blood circulation, can lead to fluid retention, resulting in swollen feet. Another frequent contributor is the choice of footwear, with ill-fitting shoes or high heels imposing pressure that hinders proper blood flow. Injuries, such as sprains or fractures, can trigger inflammation and swelling in the affected area. Underlying medical conditions, including venous insufficiency, arthritis, or heart failure, may manifest in swollen feet. Hormonal changes during pregnancy often result in fluid retention, causing noticeable swelling in the feet and ankles. Lifestyle factors, like a diet high in sodium, can exacerbate fluid retention. Swollen feet can be uncomfortable, and if you have this condition, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can accurately determine the cause, and offer appropriate treatment tips.
Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Foot & Ankle Specialists of Central Ohio. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:
- Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
- Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
- Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
- Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
- Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.
Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet.
Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Gahanna, Newark, Columbus, and Lancaster, OH . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.